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Seeking Social Equity in National Parks: Experiments with Evaluation in Canada and South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Timko, Joleen A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Satterfield, Terre en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:55:19Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:55:19Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-05-14 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-05-14 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2928
dc.description.abstract "Many national parks (NPs) and protected areas (PAs) worldwide are operating under difficult social and political conditions, including poor and often unjust relations with local communities. Multiple initiatives have emerged as a result, including co-management regimes and an increased emphasis on the involve-ment of indigenous people in management and conservation strategies more broadly. Yet, controversy over what constitutes an appropriate role for local people persists, and little research has been conducted as yet to systematically evaluate the extent to which NPs are socially (and not just ecologically) effective. This paper discusses a first attempt to examine the efficacy with which NPs address social equity, includ-ing property and human rights, and the relationship of indigenous people and NP managers. The results from an evaluation of equity in a purposive sample of six NPs in Canada and South Africa are presented. All but one of the case study NPs is found to be achieving or moving towards equity. In particular, NPs with more comprehensive co-management and support from neighbouring indigenous groups demonstrate higher equity scores across a variety of indicators, whereas NPs with lower levels of co-management do less well. NPs with settled land claims have not necessarily been more equitable overall, and a few NPs have been co-managed in name only." en_US
dc.subject indigenous institutions en_US
dc.subject protected areas en_US
dc.subject co-management en_US
dc.subject community participation en_US
dc.subject governance and politics en_US
dc.subject equity en_US
dc.subject evaluation en_US
dc.subject parks en_US
dc.title Seeking Social Equity in National Parks: Experiments with Evaluation in Canada and South Africa en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.coverage.region North America en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.country Canada, South Africa en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Conservation and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 6 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 3 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth January en_US

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