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Co-management of Contractual National Parks in South Africa: Lessons from Australia

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Reid, Hannah; Fig, David; Magome, Hector; Leader-Williams, Nigel
Journal: Conservation and Society
Volume: 2
Date: 2004
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2959
Sector: Forestry
Region: Pacific and Australia
Subject(s): co-management
Abstract: "Contractual national parks in South Africa and Australia have been established on land owned either by the state or a group of private individuals. They are managed by the national conservation authority according to the terms of a joint management agreement drawn up by a joint management committee usually consisting of representatives from the national conservation authority and the landowners. Since majority rule in 1994, South African contractual national parks have provided a model through which the country's conservation as well as development objectives can be met, particularly where landowners are previously disadvantaged communities. Uluru-Kata Tjuta and Kakadu National Parks in Australia were established on Aboriginal-owned land and have over fifteen years of experience in co-management. In view of the growing resurgence of protectionist approaches to conservation, this article assesses the success of contractual national parks in South Africa and Australia. Rather than reverting to protectionism, it seeks to build on experiences with joint management to date by analysing what lessons South Africa can learn from Australia regarding meeting the conservation, social and financial/economic objectives of its contractual national parks. Indeed, lessons learnt from both countries will be of value to all non-industrialised countries."

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