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Forest-Based Communities in Changing Landscapes: A Comparative Study Across Four States of India

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Type: Book
Author: Smith, Connie; Tiwari, Shailendra; Vyas, Vivek
Publisher: SDC-IC Intercooperation
Location: Bangalore, India
Date: 2007
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/30
Sector: Forestry
Region: Middle East & South Asia
Subject(s): forestry
community forestry
landscape change
Abstract: "Traditionally, indigenous communities in India have been dependent on forest and common lands to fulfil their livelihood and cultural demands. However, land use, access and governance have altered dramatically over the last century, often resulting in conflict, degradation and privatisation of such areas. "Yet beyond this generalisation, processes such as colonial rule, population pressure, land tenure patterns and changing access have had different meanings in different regions and cultures of India. In this way, current common land issues faced by each region and community are the consequence of a unique history, demanding that development initiatives must necessarily be context-specific. "This study is an attempt to understand the specificity of common land-based issues across four Indian states. The four participating NGOs (Non-Governmental Organization) have a shared goal of working towards sustainable rural livelihoods and income security in their reference communities, but work in very different environments. "These diverse contexts have shaped the organisations' distinct approaches and strategies to development work. This study has been an opportunity for each NGO to step outside of its field of reference, to share understanding on the different concerns related to commons and forests as well as the diverse approaches required to address these issues."

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