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Pastoralists' Responses to Variation of Rangeland Resource in Time and Space

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dc.contributor.author McAllister, Ryan R.J. en_US
dc.contributor.author Gordon, Iain J. en_US
dc.contributor.author Janssen, Marco A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Abel, Nick en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:57:06Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:57:06Z
dc.date.issued 2006 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-08-09 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-08-09 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3091
dc.description.abstract "We explore the response of pastoralists to rangeland resource variation in time and space, focusing on regions where high variation makes it unlikely that an economically viable herd can be maintained on a single management unit. In such regions, the need to move stock to find forage in at least some years has led to the evolution of nomadism and transhumance, and reciprocal grazing agreements among the holders of common-property rangeland. The role of such informal institutions in buffering resource variation is well documented in some Asian and African rangelands, but in societies with formally established private-property regimes, where we focus, such institutions have received little attention. We examine agistment networks, which play an important role in buffering resource variation in modern-day Australia. Agistment is a commercial arrangement between pastoralists who have less forage than they believe they require and pastoralists who believe they have more. Agistment facilitates the movement of livestock via a network based largely on trust. We are concerned exclusively with the link between the characteristics of biophysical variation and human aspects of agistment networks, and we developed a model to test the hypothesis that such a link could exist. Our model builds on game theory literature, which explains cooperation between strangers based on the ability of players to learn whom they can trust. Our game is played on a highly stylized landscape that allows us to control and isolate the degree of spatial variation and spatial covariation. We found that agistment networks are more effective where spatial variation in resource availability is high, and generally more effective when spatial covariation is low. Policy design that seeks to work with existing social networks in rangelands has potential, but this potential varies depending on localized characteristics of the biophysical variability." en_US
dc.subject rangelands en_US
dc.subject economic behavior en_US
dc.subject pastoralism en_US
dc.subject game theory en_US
dc.subject policy analysis en_US
dc.subject adaptation en_US
dc.subject Workshop en_US
dc.title Pastoralists' Responses to Variation of Rangeland Resource in Time and Space en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.coverage.region Pacific and Australia en_US
dc.coverage.country Australia en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Theory en_US
dc.subject.sector Grazing en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecological Applications en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 16 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 2 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth April en_US
dc.submitter.email efcastle@indiana.edu en_US

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