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Cultural Landscapes as a Methodology for Understanding Natural Resource Management Impacts in the Western United States

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dc.contributor.author Toupal, Rebecca S. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:57:32Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:57:32Z
dc.date.issued 2003 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-11-06 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-11-06 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3128
dc.description.abstract "Multicultural demands on public lands in the United States continue to challenge federal land managers to address social and cultural concerns in their planning efforts. Specifically, they lack adequate knowledge of cultural concerns, as well as a consistent strategy for acquiring that knowledge for use in decision-making. Current federal approaches to understanding such issues as access, use, and control of resources include public participation, conservation partnerships, government-to-government consultations with American Indian tribes, cultural resource inventories, and landscape analysis. Given that cultural knowledge arises from human-nature relationships and shared perceptions of natural environments, and that landscapes are the ultimate expression of such knowledge, an exploratory methodology was developed to provide a different approach to understanding cultural concerns through landscape perceptions. Using cultural landscape theories and applications from the natural and social sciences, this study examines the landscape perceptions of four groups concerned with management planning of the Baboquivari Wilderness Area in southern Arizona: the Bureau of Land Management, the landowners of the Altar Valley, recreationists, and members of the Tohono O'odham Nation. The methodology is based on a human-nature relationship rather than cultural aspects or features. It takes a holistic approach that differs from other perception studies in that it includes: emic aspects of data collection and analysis; a spatial component (triangulation of data collection through narrative and graphic descriptions); ethnographic, on-site interviews; and cultural consensus analysis and small-sample theory. The results include: verification of four cultural groups; two levels of consensus (in the population of concern, and in each group) that overlap in some aspects of landscape perception; descriptions of four cultural landscapes that illustrate similarities and differences among the groups, and include patterns and representations of spatial relationships; and an effective methodology for revealing cultural concerns that are not identified through public forums, and which has potential for application by agencies at the field-office level." en_US
dc.subject culture en_US
dc.subject landscape change en_US
dc.subject natural resources en_US
dc.subject resource management en_US
dc.title Cultural Landscapes as a Methodology for Understanding Natural Resource Management Impacts in the Western United States en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.coverage.region North America en_US
dc.coverage.country United States en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 7 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 1 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth July en_US

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