Image Database Export Citations


Federalism and Natural Resource Policy: Comparing State and National Management of Public Forests

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Koontz, Tomas en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T15:04:09Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T15:04:09Z
dc.date.issued 1997 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-09-06 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-09-06 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3561
dc.description.abstract "In the U.S. federal system, public policy responsibilities are placed in multiple government jurisdictions. The question of differences in jurisdictions for various government activities is a fundamental issue. Unfortunately, despite the importance of this question about how to best sort out Federal and state responsibilities, little systematic research has been undertaken to describe and compare policy making across these two levels. "To more fully understand differences between U.S. state and Federal policy, this study compares state and national policy in the context of one policy area, management of public forests. Policy processes and outcomes are examined. A substantial literature presently exists on several related subjects, including higher versus lower levels of government responsibility, factors influencing policy processes, and outcomes. But little systematic work has examined the question, To what extent do state and national public forest policy processes differ, and what effect do these differences have on policy outcomes? Addressing this question provides valuable insights into the importance of governance arrangements to forest policy. It also contributes to federalism and natural resource policy theory more generally. "Data for this study come from four cases across two different regions of the United States. Each case consists of two public forests with similar physical characteristics but different governmental jurisdictions (state versus national), to emphasize the effects of human actions on policy processes and outcomes. For each of the eight forests, data gathering and analysis involves several techniques, including interviews, observations, and analyses of written documents. A number of precautions are taken to enhance the validity, dependability, and objectivity of the findings. "Policy analysis is undertaken within the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework. This framework focuses the researcher's attention on the interaction of actors in action situations pertaining to forest management decisions and activities. To understand policy processes, data are collected regarding policy participants' values, attributes of the organizational community in which they work, rules that shape their incentives and constraints, and interactions with those outside of the organization. To understand outcomes, data are collected regarding both fiscal outcomes and forest uses; the former include timber sale profitability, use fee collection, and transfer payments to local governments, while the latter focus on investigation of commodity provision, recreational facilities, and environmental protection. "Analysis suggests important differences between national and state policy processes and outcomes. While national and state officials share similar values and beliefs, the former face greater statutory, regulatory, and planning constraints affecting their activities than do state policy makers. These constraints require more public input and higher levels of environmental protection. Patterns of interaction also differ; those favoring forest preservation for ecological and amenity values communicate more with national than state officials, while those favoring the use of forests for commodity production communicate more with state than national officials. Outcomes reflect these differences. State officials provide more timber, at higher net profit, than do national officials, and they transfer more revenue to local governments. But national officials devote a higher level of resources to provide recreational benefits, and they undertake greater efforts to provide non-timber environmental benefits than do state officials." en_US
dc.subject Workshop en_US
dc.subject federalism en_US
dc.subject forest management en_US
dc.subject state and local governance en_US
dc.subject resource management en_US
dc.subject environmental policy en_US
dc.subject institutional analysis--IAD framework en_US
dc.subject forest policy en_US
dc.title Federalism and Natural Resource Policy: Comparing State and National Management of Public Forests en_US
dc.type Thesis or Dissertation en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.publisher.workingpaperseries Indiana University en_US
dc.type.thesistype Ph.D. Dissertation en_US
dc.coverage.region North America
dc.coverage.country United States en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.submitter.email aurasova@indiana.edu en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
Federalism_and_Natural_Resource_Policy.pdf 15.21Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following document type(s)

Show simple item record