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Tribes, State, and Technology Adoption in Arid Land Management, Syria

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dc.contributor.author Rae, Jonathan en_US
dc.contributor.author Arab, G. en_US
dc.contributor.author Nordblom, T. en_US
dc.contributor.author Jani, K. en_US
dc.contributor.author Gintzburger, G. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T15:08:13Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T15:08:13Z
dc.date.issued 2001 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-07-30 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-07-30 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3730
dc.description.abstract "Arid shrub-lands in Syria and elsewhere in West Asia and North Africa are widely thought degraded. Characteristic of these areas is a preponderance of unpalatable shrubs or a lack of overall ground cover with a rise in the associated risks of soil erosion. Migrating pastoralists have been the scapegoats for this condition of the range. State steppe interventions of the last forty years have reflected this with programs to supplant customary systems with structures and institutions promoting western grazing systems and technologies. Principal amongst the latter has been shrub technology, particularly Atriplex species, for use in land rehabilitation and s a fodder reserve. This paper deconstructs state steppe policy in Syria by examining the overlap and interface of government and customary legal systems as a factor in the history of shrub technology transfer in the Syrian steppe. It is argued that the link made between signs of degradation and perceived moribund customary systems is not at all causal. Indeed, customary systems are found to be adaptive and resilient, and a strong influence on steppe management and the fate of technology transfer initiatives. Furthermore, developments in rangeland ecology raise questions about claims for grazing-induced degradation and call for a reinterpretation of recent shifts in vegetation on the Syrian steppe. Given the ineffectiveness of past state interventions, and in view of renewed understanding of customary systems and rangeland ecology, decentralization and some devolution of formal management responsibility is likely to be a viable and an attractive option for policymakers." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries CAPRi Working Paper, no. 15 en_US
dc.subject arid regions en_US
dc.subject customary law en_US
dc.subject rangelands en_US
dc.subject grazing en_US
dc.subject pastoralism en_US
dc.subject land degradation en_US
dc.title Tribes, State, and Technology Adoption in Arid Land Management, Syria en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.publisher.workingpaperseries International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country Syria en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.submitter.email m.acharya@cgiar.org en_US

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