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Shrimp Mariculture Development in Ecuador: Some Resource Policy Issues

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Southgate, Douglas
Date: 1992
Agency: EPAT/MUCIA Research and Training, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI
Series: Working Paper, no. 5
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3815
Sector: Fisheries
Subject(s): shrimp
marine ecology
allocation rules
Abstract: "This paper first describes the extent and consequences of coastal ecosystem disturbance; then presents a causal analysis of environmental problems. Policies contributing to depletive management of wetlands and related resources are similar to policies stimulating tropical deforestation. The tenurial regime rewards those who convert coastal ecosystems into shrimp ponds, just as frontier property arrangements encourage agricultural colonists to convert natural ecosystems into farmland (Southgate 1990). In addition, mariculture's geographic expansion, like agriculture's, has been accelerated by inadequate spending on education, research, and extension (Southgate 1991). If this policy regime remains unchanged, continued deterioration of Ecuador's coastal ecosystems is inevitable."

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