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Mine Spoil Restoration: A Strategy Combining Rainwater Harvesting and Adaptation to Random Recurrence of Droughts in Rajasthan

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Pandey, Deep Narayan; Chaubey, Avanish C.; Gupta, Anil K.; Vardhan, Harsh
Date: 2005
Agency: International Network on Ethnoforestry, Jaipur 302004, Rajasthan, India
Series: INEF Working Paper 2005
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3872
Sector: Water Resource & Irrigation
Region: Middle East & South Asia
Subject(s): water resources
traditional knowledge
Abstract: "Rajasthan presents evidence for the existence of one of the most advanced works of ancient mining and accompanied deforestation globally. Mining continues to be an important economic activity in Rajasthan. However, economic benefits of mineral extraction also accompany environmental, economic and social costs. Mine waste dumps and mined out areas viewed simply as the legacies of past may appear overwhelming environmental hazards presenting ugly picture of cultural landscape. However, mine wastes can be transformed into an opportunity for learning, adaptation and productivity enhancement for sustainable livelihoods through ecological restoration. Here we propose a strategy for mine spoil restoration aimed at creating a multifunctional ecosystem in mine waste dumps. We suggest that dredging and sediment removal from traditional tanks and ponds can potentially be used to prepare the substratum over the mine wastes for direct seeding. It will also create enhanced decentralized water storage capacity for wildlife and people. Our strategy combines the concomitant revival of traditional water harvesting systems, ground water recharge, enhanced biomass production and an adaptation to random recurrence of droughts in Rajasthan."

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