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The Underlying Causes of Forest Decline

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dc.contributor.author Contreras-Hermosilla, Arnoldo en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T15:09:57Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T15:09:57Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-07-21 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-07-21 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/3875
dc.description.abstract "Loggers, miners and rural communities all exploit forests in unsustainable ways in search of profits and means of subsistence. These are the primary actors in forest decline and their immediate motivations are the direct causes of deforestation and degradation. However, these motivations are determined, through complex causation chains, by deeper and much more fundamental forces: the underlying causes of deforestation. Effective action against forest decline requires an understanding of these underlying causes and their distant impacts on forests. "Underlying causes originate in some of the most basic features of society, such as the distribution of economic and political power, attitudes towards corruption, population growth, flaws in the market system and also in seemingly unrelated government policies. They may originate in other countries and transmit their effects through trade and the operation of transnational corporations. Underlying causes are many and operate in numerous and variable combinations. "Forest decline is a complex socio-economic, cultural and political event. Thus, it is mistaken to attribute forest decline to a simple cause-effect relationship or assume that a relationship will remain unaltered over time. A single force, such as agricultural intensification, may operate in diametrically opposite ways, depending of the context of other variables and circumstances prevailing in a particular situation. Accordingly, remedial measures need to be tailored to the very specific milieu in which they will be introduced. There are no simple solutions to this complex phenomenon." en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries CIFOR Occasional Paper, no. 30 en_US
dc.subject deforestation--policy en_US
dc.subject forest policy en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use--policy en_US
dc.subject environmental degradation--policy en_US
dc.title The Underlying Causes of Forest Decline en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.publisher.workingpaperseries Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US

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