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The Myth of Wilderness in the Brazilian Rainforest

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Diegues, Antonio Carlos
Date: 2002
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/4153
Sector: General & Multiple Resources
Region: South America
Subject(s): rain forests
protected areas
common pool resources
traditional knowledge
indigenous institutions
Abstract: "The creation of protected areas has been one of the principal strategies adopted for the conservation of nature, in particular in the countries of the Third World. The establishment of these areas increased substantially in the 1970s and 1980s, when 2,098 federal protected areas were created around the world, encompassing more than 3,100,000 square kilometers. According to a 1996 report of the World Conservation Centre, today about five percent of the earth's surface is legally protected under 20,000 different categories, not only at federal levels but also at provincial, state, and municipal levels, covering an area the size of Canada and spread throughout 130 countries."

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