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Invasion of Prosopis Juliflora and Local Livelihoods: Case Study from the Lake Baringo Area of Kenya

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Mwangi, Esther; Swallow, Brent M.
Date: 2005
Agency: World of Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya
Series: ICRAF Working Paper, no. 3
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/4277
Sector: Forestry
Region: Africa
Subject(s): livelihoods
trees
deforestation
sustainability
indigenous knowledge
forest management
invasive species
Abstract: "This paper presents an assessment of the livelihood effects, costs of control, and local perceptions of the invasive tree, Prosopis juliflora, on rural residents in the Lake Baringo area of Kenya. Global concern about deforestation caused by fuelwood shortages, prompted introduction of Prosopis juliflora to the Lake Baringo area in the early 1980s. Prosopis juliflora is in IUCN's new list of 100 world's worst invasive alien species. The Prosopis juliflora invasion in the study area has recently attracted national attention and contradictory responses from responsible agencies. Unlike some other parts of the world where it has been introduced, Prosopis juliflora potential benefits have not been captured and few people in the Lake Baringo area realize net benefits from the widespread presence of the tree. Strong local support for eradication and replacement appears to be well justified. Sustainable utilization may require considerable investment in the development of new commercial enterprises."

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