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Community Watershed Management in Semi-Arid India: The State of Collective Action and its Effects on Natural Resources and Rural Livelihoods

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dc.contributor.author Shiferaw, Bekele en_US
dc.contributor.author Kebede, Tewodros en_US
dc.contributor.author Reddy, V. Ratna en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T15:15:35Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T15:15:35Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-07-10 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-07-10 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/4318
dc.description.abstract "Spatial and temporal attributes of watersheds and the associated market failures that accelerate degradation of agricultural and environmental resources require innovative institutional arrangements for coordinating use and management of resources. Effective collective action (CA) allows smallholder farmers to jointly invest in management practices that provide collective benefits in terms of economic and sustainability gains. The Government of India takes integrated watershed management (IWM) as a key strategy for improving productivity and livelihoods in the rain-fed and drought-prone regions. This study investigates the institutional and policy issues that limit effective participation of people in community watershed programs and identifies key determinants for the degree of CA and its effectiveness in achieving economic and environmental outcomes. We use empirical data from a survey of 87 watershed communities in semi-arid Indian villages to identify a set of indicators of CA and its performance in attaining desired outcomes. Factor analysis is used to develop aggregate indices of CA and its effectiveness. Regression methods are then employed to test the effects of certain policy relevant variables and to determine the potential effects of CA in achieving desired poverty reduction and resource improvement outcomes. We find a positive and highly significant effect of CA on natural resource investments, but no evidence of its effects on household assets and poverty reduction outcomes. This may be attributable to longer gestation periods for realizing indirect effects from collective natural resource investments and the lack of institutional mechanisms to ensure equitable distribution of such gains across the community, including the landless and marginal farmers." en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries CAPRi Working Paper, no. 85 en_US
dc.subject collective action en_US
dc.subject environmental change en_US
dc.subject institutions en_US
dc.subject property rights en_US
dc.subject watersheds en_US
dc.subject resource management en_US
dc.subject poverty alleviation en_US
dc.title Community Watershed Management in Semi-Arid India: The State of Collective Action and its Effects on Natural Resources and Rural Livelihoods en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.publisher.workingpaperseries CGIAR System-wide Program on Property Rights and Collective Action, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country India en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.subject.sector Water Resource & Irrigation en_US

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