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Space Control and Natural Resources Management in Rural Areas (South-West of Madagascar)

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Langlois, Michel
Date: 2001
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/4466
Sector: Land Tenure & Use
Social Organization
Region: Africa
Subject(s): rural affairs
participatory management
governance and politics
natural resources
land tenure and use
local participatory management
Abstract: "The south-west rural area of Malagasy was confronted in the twenty last years with the opening of the external markets, the amplification of the migration and the agrarian densification. The competition between activities in contracted and fragile spaces led lineage groups to retire with themselves, to fix the access to spaces and the use of the natural resources. "In a context of exacerbation of land conflicts which reveals the weakness of the social regulation, the essential question is the integration of the migrant communities in the local institutions and their participation in the management of the natural environment. "The environmental control promoted by the malagasy authorities with the support of the donors is implicitly based on the concepts of gouvernance and patrimoniality. Accordingly the coordination of the actors and the institutional negotiation governing the allowance and the allocation of natural resources suppose conditions of transparency and legitimacy and the taking into account the dependence between man and nature and the social dynamics at the local level."

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