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Population and Forest Dynamics in the Hills of Nepal: Institutional Remedies by Rural Communities

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Type: Book Chapter
Author: Varughese, George
Book Title: People and Forests: Communities, Institutions, and the Governance of Forests
Publisher: Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis
Location: Bloomington, IN
Page(s): 168-197
Date: 1999
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/45
Sector: Forestry
Region: Middle East & South Asia
Subject(s): forest management
population growth
village organization
land tenure and use
Abstract: "Projections of massive declines in Himalayan forest cover and dire predictions for the future of forests in Nepal initiated worldwide concern in the 1970s. Initially, the source of the problem was seen as domestic fuelwood use compounded by rapid population growth. Then expansion of agriculture, commercial logging, and tourism were blamed. However, the actual rates of deforestation, as well as its causes and consequences, remain very much in question. Studies indicate that while there is degradation from overharvesting in the hills, the total loss of forest cover has been relatively small. Others argue that losses have even been reversed in both forest area and tree density. Still others contend that while forest area is not decreasing in the hills, the quality of existing forests is suspect."

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