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Water Tenure Reform: Developing an Extended Ladder of Participation

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Bruns, Bryan
Conference: Politics of the Commons: Articulating Development and Strengthening Local Practices
Location: Chiang Mai, Thailand
Conf. Date: July 11-14, 2003
Date: 2003
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/453
Sector: Theory
Water Resource & Irrigation
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): citizen participatory management--literature review
self-governance--literature review
property rights--literature review
water resources--literature review
irrigation--literature review
participatory management--literature review
Abstract: "Analysis of participation raises issues not only about how much citizens are engaged in government decisions, but also how much government is engaged in decisions made by citizens and their organizations. Many current policies seek to increase participation in water resources governance, but face questions about the extent to which institutional reforms, such as participatory irrigation management, irrigation management transfer, and integrated water resources management, actually shift power and influence in decisionmaking. Building on Arnstein's "ladder of citizen participation" and subsequent literature on ladders, spectrums and other typologies of participatory governance and co-management, this paper synthesizes an extended scale of participation covering engagement in government decisions, joint decisions, and empowerment to support self-governance and decentralized decisionmaking."

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