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Native Subsistence Fisheries: A Synthesis of Harvest Studies in Canada

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Berkes, Fikret
Journal: Arctic
Volume: 43
Page(s): 35-42
Date: 1990
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/4783
Sector: Fisheries
Region: North America
Subject(s): fisheries
indigenous institutions
Native Americans
Abstract: "Subsistence fisheries,as distinct from commercialand recreational, exist throughout much of the Canadian North and satisfy local needs for fish protein. These fisherie have been investigated quantitatively only since the 1970s. Many otfh ese studies are in the 'grey literature' methods of study and reporting are not standardized, and interpretation of data is often problematic. Nevertheless, some generalizations can be offered from a preliminary survey of harvest study data from 93 communities and from 10 regional studies representing Labrador, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, British Columbia and the Northwest Territories. The data indicate a wide range of harvest values clustering at about 60 kg of whole fish per capita per year. If these data are representative, there is a significant subsistence fishery sector for the local economics of hundreds of communities. Most of these fisheries are not being reported in fishery statistics, nor are they being monitoreda nd assessed."

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