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The Lack of Institutional Supply: Why a Strong Local Community in Western Ecuador Fails to Protect its Forest

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Type: Book Chapter
Author: Becker, C. Dustin; Gibson, Clark C.
Book Title: Forests, Trees and People
Publisher: Indiana University, International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) Research Program, Center for the Study of Institutions, Population, and Environmental Change (CIPEC), Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis
Location: Bloomington, IN
Page(s): 111-133
Date: 1998
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/50
Sector: General & Multiple Resources
Region: South America
Subject(s): IFRI
village organization
forest management
common pool resources
institutional analysis--IAD framework
Abstract: "Given the disappointing results of natural resource conservation policy in developing countries over the last three decades, scholars and practitioners have shifted their focus away from state-centered policies towards solutions at the local level. While these authors offer different lists of the conditions believed necessary for successful resource management by local people, most analyses include three fundamental requirements. First, individuals from local communities must highly value a natural resource to have the incentive to manage it sustainably. Second, property rights must be devolved to those individuals who use the resource to allow them to benefit from its management. Third, these individuals at the local level must also have the ability to create microinstitutions to regulate the use of the resource. Although various scholars and practitioners may add other conditions they see as important, most agree that some form of these three 'locals' valuation, ownership, and institutions are central to successful natural resource management."

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