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Challenges for Building Environmental Information Management Capacities: Socio-Economies in Transition

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dc.contributor.author Hiob, Evi en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:30:23Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:30:23Z
dc.date.issued 1998 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10535/504
dc.description.abstract From Introduction: "The process of institutional change in FSU (the former Soviet Union) countries penetrates to the very roots of their social order. The governments of FSU are pushing shift from central planning to market-based economy and the whole system of economic and social institution is under reforming. Developing participatory model for democracy including free flow of relevant information and decentralization of decision making processes are the most challenging tasks to manage to internalize externalities into schemes and accept that protecting wildlife and human habitat is an essential element of life quality. "The risk of future crises can be reduced under two conditions: first, there must be full information about national economies in relation to management of their natural resources, and people must be willing to look at and consider that information; and second, once assuring that as much information is available as possible, there must be incentives to act in a sustainable manner on what is known. This is important to understand that building environmental management capacities and environmental managerial cultures may require a variety of innovational institutional paths. Bureaucracy offers organizations a way of standardizing complex tasks and procedures. On the other hand, organizations that become too bureaucratized and have too many and complex rules, regulations, policies and procedures can be non-adaptive, self-defeating, and self-devastating. Institutional issues deserve much greater attention whenever disciplines and sectors try new alternatives by breaking up strong traditional organizational frameworks. "In this paper the author argues that past police state institutional environments may have a remarkable influence in the transition process from the power and role-oriented to task organizational cultures. Since the FSU countries are in the midst of their continuing reforms, public participation in the decision making on environmental management matters depends on the success of interdisciplinary and inter-sectoral collaborations, breaking down old rigid institutional frameworks and establishing flexible, common goal-oriented task cultures. The key issues which historically are likely to have a negative effect on Russian and Soviet organizational ability for innovations and participatory decision-making are: (1) bureaucratic centralism and fully staffed bureaucracies; (2) the prevailing mechanistical-bureaucratic model of organization; (3) lack of capacity to distinguish private from governmental property rights; (4) corruption not an abberation but a part of administration and a way of life; (5) justice as an institutionalized part of administration; (6) identifying the bureaucracy with the crown (party leaders, state); (7) failure to discriminate among the types of legal acts; (8) failure to discriminate among the various branches of the law; (9) laws need not make public to go into effect; (10) laws too general and judicial procedures poorly developed; (11) the main function of law to maintain order, not to enforce justice; (12) partimonic attitude of the central state bureaucracy; (13) symbiotic identification of church (ideology) and state; (14) objectivity gap between natural (technical) and social (political) education and science." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject institutional change en_US
dc.subject information dissemination en_US
dc.subject decision making en_US
dc.subject decentralization en_US
dc.subject bureaucracy en_US
dc.subject social organization en_US
dc.subject environmental policy en_US
dc.title Challenges for Building Environmental Information Management Capacities: Socio-Economies in Transition en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.coverage.region Former Soviet Union en_US
dc.subject.sector Information & Knowledge en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Crossing Boundaries, the Seventh Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates June 10-14 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada en_US
dc.submitter.email hess@indiana.edu en_US

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