Image Database Export Citations


Integrated Management of Water, Forest and Land Resources in Nepal: Opportunities for Improved Livelihood

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Pant, Dhruba
dc.contributor.author Thapa, Sabita
dc.contributor.author Singh, Ashok
dc.contributor.author Bhattarai, Madhusudan
dc.contributor.author Molden, David
dc.date.accessioned 2009-10-19T19:21:57Z
dc.date.available 2009-10-19T19:21:57Z
dc.date.issued 2005 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5057
dc.description.abstract "This paper is aimed at furthering understanding of if and how communities co-manage forest and irrigation activities with a view to gain insights about integrated natural resource management. The main question addressed is whether the management of these two resources can be better integrated for enhanced livelihood opportunities and for reduced vulnerability of the rural poor. It uses case studies from the hills of Nepal, where both water and forest resources are integral to poor people’s lives. The results of the case studies show that water and forest resources are managed separately. The decision-making processes for the management of these two resources are independent from each other. Importantly though, informal interaction between management groups does exist. The reasons for the separation of the two management groups are that the boundaries and people involved in managing forest and irrigation water resources overlap but do not coincide, and problems and issues in management of both resources are distinctly different. Furthermore, government policy and programs support these different groups separately. Programs to support the forest users group and the irrigation users group have met with a degree of success. For forestry, while there are no infrastructure interventions, there are strong policy and legal interventions providing support for the management of forest resources. Community forest programs directly benefit poor users through improved access and use of forest products, and indirectly through investment of forest user funds in community activities that generate income. Benefit sharing was found to be more equitable in the forest users group than in the irrigation users group. However, women’s participation in formal activities of both forestry and irrigation groups was negligible. The supported irrigation systems showed marked gains in yields, income and employment. Support to irrigation systems include physical infrastructure combined with financial and technical assistance, but there is weaker enforcement of policy and legal provisions. Thus there appears to be ample opportunity to learn and share experiences from one another. The study indicates that there are opportunities for the integration of both activities. Because changes in land use impact the water source for irrigation, a starting point could be resolution of conflicts around water and land, and managing forests to protect catchments. The existing informal contacts, especially where there is an overlap of membership, could serve as a platform for future integration. While the two groups do not need to be combined, better interaction can only be constructive. This is an area for future research and action." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries CA Discussion Paper 2 en_US
dc.subject water management en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject women en_US
dc.subject conflict en_US
dc.subject gender en_US
dc.subject natural resources en_US
dc.subject irrigation en_US
dc.subject forest management en_US
dc.subject environment en_US
dc.title Integrated Management of Water, Forest and Land Resources in Nepal: Opportunities for Improved Livelihood en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.publisher.workingpaperseries Comprehensive Assessment Secretariat, Colombo, Sri Lanka en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country Nepal en_US
dc.subject.sector General & Multiple Resources en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-files-description
CADiscussionPaper2.pdf 1.056Mb PDF View/Open Discussion Paper 2

This item appears in the following document type(s)

Show simple item record