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Enclosing the Global Plant Genetic Commons

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Herdt, Robert W.
Conference: China Center for Economic Research
Location: Peking University, Beijing, China
Conf. Date: May 24, 1999
Date: 1999
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5133
Sector: Information & Knowledge
New Commons
Subject(s): intellectual property rights
genetic resources
policy analysis
public goods and bads
Abstract: "Property rights are assured by the collective standing behind one's claim to the benefits stream generated by property. Changing technology and institutions have interacted throughout history to create property rights from what had previously been public goods. The discovery of knowledge about DNA and the useful products that can be created through applications of that knowledge has generated conditions that have led to intellectual private property claims on many new processes and products. Large multinational life sciences companies seeking to capitalize on these developments have purchased many heretofore independent seed companies, leading to a high level of concentration in the seed industry. These issues are treated differently is various countries and many developing countries have limited capacity to deal with them. Policies to address the challenges created by this set of events are outlined."

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