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Local Consequences of Applying International Norms: Differences in the Application of Forest Certification in Northern Sweden, Northern Finland, and Northwest Russia

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dc.contributor.author Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
dc.contributor.author Sandström, Camilla
dc.contributor.author Tysiachniouk, Maria
dc.contributor.author Johansson, Johanna
dc.date.accessioned 2010-01-08T17:42:43Z
dc.date.available 2010-01-08T17:42:43Z
dc.date.issued 2009 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5358
dc.description.abstract "Forest certification, developed in the early 1990s, is a process in which independent assessors grant use of the certification label to producers who meet certain environmental and social criteria set for their forest products. This label was quickly seen to offer a market advantage and to signal corporate social and environmental responsibility. This paper focuses on international norms pertaining to environmental and indigenous rights, as manifested in cases of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)- and Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC)-compatible certification, and how these norms have been applied domestically and perceived locally in different states. Case studies are drawn from northern Sweden, northern Finland, and three regions in northwest Russia. The studies illustrate that the choice and implementation of certification type depend considerably on national infrastructure and market characteristics and result in substantial differences in the impact that international norms have at the local level." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject forestry en_US
dc.subject forest products en_US
dc.subject markets en_US
dc.subject adaptive systems en_US
dc.title Local Consequences of Applying International Norms: Differences in the Application of Forest Certification in Northern Sweden, Northern Finland, and Northwest Russia en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.coverage.region Former Soviet Union en_US
dc.coverage.country Finland, Sweden, Russia en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 14 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 2 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth unknown en_US


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