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Property, Taxation, and the Budgetary Commons

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dc.contributor.author Wagner, Richard E.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-01-20T16:51:08Z
dc.date.available 2010-01-20T16:51:08Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5384
dc.description.abstract Subsequently published as -- "Property, Taxation, and the Budgetary Commons, in Property, Taxation, and the Rule of Law", ed. by Donald P. Racheter and Richard E. Wagner (Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002), pp. 33-47.-- "For the most part, the theory of public finance treats public budgeting as simply a different type of market transaction. Taxing and spending are treated as if they were merely different uses of property and alternative forms of contract. Public budgeting reflects simply different particular uses to which people put their property. People might buy shoes from a retail store, and at the same time they might buy parks from a city. Where they would pay market prices for their shoes, they might pay taxes for their parks. Taxation changes the identity of the vendor from whom purchases are made and to whom orders for production are placed, and nothing more. It is simply one particular use that people make of their private property. Different rates of tax correspond to different collective choices regarding the uses to which people put what is still their private property. This paper challenges directly this common institutional presumption about property and governance. It does so by treating budgetary operations as vehicles for transforming private property into common property, thereby changing the governance relationships that operate within a society. At its most fundamental level, taxation converts private property to common property, with the state serving as the arena where rules for governing the commons are made. The tax side of the budget is where obligations to stock the common stores are apportioned among the citizenry. The appropriations side is where citizens compete for access to those common stores. As a result of this competition, individual citizens differ in the amount of access they secure, just as they differ in the obligations to stock the commons that they are forced to bear. Where standard fiscal analysis treats taxation as one component of a private property order, here taxation is treated as a means of transforming property, as well as the associated patterns of governance, from private to common." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject budget en_US
dc.subject public finance en_US
dc.subject property rights en_US
dc.subject taxation en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject fiscal federalism en_US
dc.subject governance and politics en_US
dc.subject public--private en_US
dc.title Property, Taxation, and the Budgetary Commons en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.subject.sector New Commons en_US

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