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Community-Based Management of Natural Resources: An Answer to Environmental Stress?

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Cornista, Luzviminda B.
Conference: Common Property in Ecosystems Under Stress, the Fourth Annual Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Manila, Philippines
Conf. Date: June 16-19, 1993
Date: 1993
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5398
Sector: Forestry
General & Multiple Resources
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): common pool resources
forest management
indigenous institutions
community participation
Abstract: "Currently in the Philippines, there is a growing trend towards tapping communities -- whether indigenous or migrant settlers -- to manage the forest. This has both an ecological and equity rationale. It is posted that since these communities constitute one of the major users and at the same time occupants of the forest, they are in a strategic position to protect the resource. Moreover, considering that these communities comprise a large segment of the rural poor, they instead of the few corporate holders of the Timberland Lease Agreements, should be afforded priority access and use of productive resources. Thus, there are various tenure instruments (Certificate of Stewardship Contract, Certificate of Forest Stewardship Agreement, Forest Lease Management Agreement, Certificate of Forest Management Agreement, Certificate of Ancestral Domain/Land Claim) which are supposed to provide security to user communities and consequently encourage them to invest in sustainable forestry management. It is the intention of the paper to examine the experience in the Philippines on community management of the forest, analyze both the problems and opportunities emanating from the approach, and assess to what extent do the various tenure instruments contribute in mitigating environmental stress."

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