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Birds and the City: Urban Biodiversity, Land Use, and Socioeconomics

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Strohbach, Michael; Haase, Dagmar; Kabisch, Nadja
Journal: Ecology and Society
Volume: 14
Date: 2009
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5420
Sector: Urban Commons
Region: Europe
Subject(s): urban affairs
human-environment interaction
Abstract: "We examined bird diversity in relation to land use and socioeconomic indicators in Leipzig, Germany. We used neighborhood diversity (ND) and bivariate correlation to show that the potential to experience biodiversity in a city is associated with population density, household income, unemployment, and urban green space. People living in urban districts with high socioeconomic status experience the highest species richness around their homes, whereas lower social status increases the chance of living in species-poor neighborhoods. High-status districts are located along forests, parks, and rivers that have a high quantity and quality of green space. However, green space in general does not guarantee high bird diversity. We conclude that bird diversity mirrors land use and socioeconomic patterns within the compact European city of Leipzig. Therefore, urban planning should focus on decreasing these patterns and protecting the remaining species-rich green spaces."

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