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Design Principles and Threats to Sustainable Organizations that Manage Commons

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Ostrom, Elinor
Date: 1999
Agency: Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, and the Center for the Study of Institutions, Population and Environmental Change, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Series: Workshop Working Paper W99-6
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5465
Sector: Theory
Subject(s): design principles
community participation
institutional design
common pool resources--theory
Abstract: "Farmer organizations are responsible for the governance and management of a wide variety of common-pool resources (CPRs) including irrigation systems, pasture lands, community-owned forests, as well as their own 'budgetary commons' involved in organizing a wide diversity of cooperative activities. All CPRs are jointly used by a community of individuals where one person's use subtracts from the amount available to others. It is typically difficult to exclude potential beneficiaries from gaining access to a CPR. A wide diversity of literature written during the past two decades focuses on how individuals organize themselves to manage diverse kinds of CPRs."

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