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Technological and Institutional Variables in the Evolution of Rules for Community Plantations of a Scheduled Caste in a Backward Area of Gujarat (Working Paper, no. 918)

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dc.contributor.author Pastakia, A.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-02-12T17:27:21Z
dc.date.available 2010-02-12T17:27:21Z
dc.date.issued 1991 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5559
dc.description.abstract "This paper examines the nexus between new technology, an open access land resource, and the institutional set-up for establishing and managing tree plantations as a common pool resource. For the Vankars, Scheduled Caste people of a coastal saline region of Gujarat, this means participation in struggle at several levels in society. This land is owned by the State Government. It is open access land managed by the Village Panchayat. The Vankars combined their knowledge of local resource with the techno-managerial inputs of an external Non-governmental Organization (The Behavioural Science Centre, set up by St. Xavier's College in Ahmedabad to engage in rural development work) to evolve a new technology for making these lands productive. Some land was acquired on long-term lease from the Government on individual basis and also on group basis. In either case they soon realized that reclamation and management of such degraded lands called for pooling together of the land as well as other resources. The setting up of a chain of cooperatives in different villages in this region from 1979 onwards and their subsequent federation into a Cooperative Union in 1989 is the realization of a dream shared by the leaders of an oppressed community and their counterparts in the external agency. The paper examines the evolution of rules for using usufruct, providing labour and protection, processing of wood into charcoal and marketing; in three cooperatives selected on the basis of land productivity as a criterion. The mechanisms for sharing set-up costs and maintenance of the plantations, the problems of fostering unity and the perceived stram of benefits realized by three members vis-a-vis the NGO are summarized. Implications are drawn for building institutions around common pool resources." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject community forestry en_US
dc.subject plantations en_US
dc.subject rules en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject technology en_US
dc.subject cooperatives en_US
dc.subject NGOs en_US
dc.subject panchayats en_US
dc.subject caste system en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.title Technological and Institutional Variables in the Evolution of Rules for Community Plantations of a Scheduled Caste in a Backward Area of Gujarat (Working Paper, no. 918) en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country India en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Designing Sustainability on the Commons, the First Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates September 27-30, 1990 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Duke University, NC, en_US

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