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Africa's Two Great Evils: 'Soil Erosion and Soul Erosion' Pressure on Customary Institutions for Common Property Resources Management; East Africa Case Study in Reference to the Maasai

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Ole-Ngulay, Saruni Oitesoi
Conference: Voices from the Commons, the Sixth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Berkeley, CA
Conf. Date: June 5-8, 1996
Date: 1996
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5561
Sector: General & Multiple Resources
Land Tenure & Use
Region: Africa
Subject(s): land tenure and use
Maasai (African people)
indigenous institutions
resource management
Abstract: "Maasai pastoralists are the largest group in East Africa practising common property rights. This paper highlights land tenure arrangements and customary land management institutions. It discusses the causes underlying increasing resource scarcity, decreasing resource access, and pastoralists' displacement from their lands. The paper argues that these changes have been possible because the pastoral mode of production is not understood by those with political and economic influence. With the breakdown of customary or local management institutions, Maasai pastoralists have been disempowered and put into a situation of increasing dependency."

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