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The Tragedy of the Commons and Resource Management in Botswana

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dc.contributor.author Runge, C. Ford
dc.date.accessioned 2010-03-19T18:39:33Z
dc.date.available 2010-03-19T18:39:33Z
dc.date.issued 1985 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5652
dc.description.abstract "The subject of this paper is the 'tragedy of the commons,' a thesis first popularized in its modern version in Garrett Hardin's now famous 'Science' article of 1968. Since then, it has in many ways become the dominant paradigm of resource overexploitation resulting from common ownership. As an explanation, it has formed the basis of numerous public policies devoted to 'privatizing' natural resources from current policies in the United States to many effort s to end common ownership of resources in the developing world. It is directly relevant to Botswana's experience with range management. The influence which the tragedy of the commons thesis has had on policy in Botswana can be seen directly in the 1975 Tribal Grazing Land Policy White Paper, and the Chambers and Feldman consultants report which preceded and formed the basis for it. Here I would like to investigate the soundness of this thesis as a basis for policy. First, I will examine its logical properties, looking carefully at its major premises and conclusions. I will argue that it is an erroneous and inaccurate description of many problems of common resource use, which leads to a limited view of policy options and a restricted sense of the institutions capable of successfully managing natural resources." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries A Colloquium on Issues in African Land Tenure, LTC Paper, no. 124 en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject tragedy of the commons en_US
dc.title The Tragedy of the Commons and Resource Management in Botswana en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.type.methodology Theory en_US
dc.publisher.workingpaperseries Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.country Botswana en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US

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