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Is the Indigenous Common Resource Management System Resilient in the Northwestern Amazon? The Case of Urbanisation in Rio Negro Indigenous Lands (Brazil)

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dc.contributor.author Eloy, Ludivine
dc.contributor.author Lasmar, C.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-06T14:54:49Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-06T14:54:49Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5680
dc.description.abstract "In the Brazilian Amazon, governance and sustainability of Indigenous Lands are threatened by deforestation and urbanisation, even in the most remote areas. In this study, we analyse the transformations in indigenous common property resource management due to urbanisation. Data were obtained from ethnographic and agro-economic interviews (n=75), combined with a GIS analysis of population, land tenure and landscape distribution in the periurban zone of São Gabriel da Cachoeira, the main town of Upper Rio Negro. In the region, members of a community usually share a territory composed by a large range of resource use rights, ranging from exclusive ownership to common property. Ethnic specializations and individual mobility ensure complementarities in time and space among production activities. Urbanisation was stimulated by missionary, military and trade activities. Private ownership has become the main land-use right in the periurban area. Recognition of the Rio Negro Indigenous Lands, which occurred in 1998, did not, for the most part, question individual rights. Currently, 80% of the 13,000 inhabitants of the town of São Gabriel are indigenous. Because of increasing scarcity of available resources, they have to negotiate land-use rights within their large kinship networks. 73% of the urban families have a multilocal strategy. Due to circular mobility, they have various residences and production units, which are distributed in the urban, periurban and forest areas. They have different land-use rights, including access to communal territory. Diversification of land-use arrangements provides the necessary leeway to guarantee food security in a context of income variability. This multilocal land-use system is an indicator of the resilience of indigenous common property regimes. Since urbanisation processes are intensifying all over Amazonia, sustainable resource management in remote areas depends on the participation of indigenous populations in both urban and forest planning." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject local governance and politics en_US
dc.subject sustainability en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject urbanization en_US
dc.subject deforestation en_US
dc.subject indigenous institutions en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.title Is the Indigenous Common Resource Management System Resilient in the Northwestern Amazon? The Case of Urbanisation in Rio Negro Indigenous Lands (Brazil) en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region South America en_US
dc.coverage.country Brazil en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates July 14-18 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Cheltenham, England en_US

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