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Private Conservation and Black Rhinos in Zimbabwe: The Savé Valley and Buiana Conservancies

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Type: Working Paper
Author: De Alessi, Michael
Date: 2000
Agency: Center for Private Conservation, Competitive Enterprise Institute, Washington, DC
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5863
Sector: Wildlife
Region: Africa
Subject(s): conservation
Abstract: "Until the late 1960s, the black rhinoceros was relatively plentiful in Africa, but between 1970 and 1994, black rhinos suffered a 95 percent decline. In fact, no other mammal population in Africa has crashed so spectacularly. Poaching was responsible for much of the decline as rhino horn is highly valued in traditional Asian medicines and for dagger handles in the Middle East. Zimbabwe was one of the last strongholds for the black rhino, but by the mid-1980s it too began to feel the effects of poaching, and black rhino numbers dropped precipitously. The cash-strapped Zimbabwean government tried many different rhino protection approaches, including banning trade in rhino horn, dehorning live animals, forming anti-poaching units, and creating heavily patrolled areas called Intensive Protection Zones (IPZs). All met with only limited or, in some cases, almost no success."

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