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An Empirical Assessment of the Effects of the 1994 In Trust Agreements on IRRI Germplasm Acquisition and Distribution

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dc.contributor.author Gotor, Elisabetta
dc.contributor.author Caracciolo, Francesco
dc.date.accessioned 2010-07-15T18:03:31Z
dc.date.available 2010-07-15T18:03:31Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/5953
dc.description.abstract "The objective of this paper is to assess the possible influence of the 1994 In Trust Agreements (ITAs) on acquisition and distribution of germplasm held by the International Research Rice Institute (IRRI) genebank. The agreements, legally affirmed the ‘public good’ status of the collections that were placed ‘In Trust’ for the benefit of the world community under agreements with FAO. They initiated a formal system of multilateral access to CGIAR-held ex situ genetic resources. The hypothesis that the consequences of the ITAs lead to an enhancement of CGIAR germplasm utilization is tested here using a basic conceptual framework to infer on factors determining the distribution of germplasm. Subsequently, a Bayesian empirical model is applied to IRRI accessions distribution’s time-series to provide formal evidence to the hypothesis. Results show that there is a discernible ‘change’ point that would support a significant drop in germplasm distribution followed by a new growing trend around the establishment of the ITAs. This had followed a period beginning around 1989 and leading up to the establishment of the ITAs of a large number of requests for restoration of germplasm back to countries of origin and a reduction in acquisitions. As a result the number of accessions held by IRRI reached a low point around 1994. The number of accessions might not have been built back up without the establishment of a stable policy environment that was provided by the ITAs." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject change en_US
dc.subject crops en_US
dc.subject genetic resources en_US
dc.subject public goods and bads en_US
dc.title An Empirical Assessment of the Effects of the 1994 In Trust Agreements on IRRI Germplasm Acquisition and Distribution en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.subject.sector Agriculture en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal International Journal of the Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationpages 437–451 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 1 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth February en_US

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