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Harvesting Floral Greens in Western Washington as Value-Addition: Labor Issues and Globalization

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dc.contributor.author Ballard, Heidi en_US
dc.contributor.author Collins, Don en_US
dc.contributor.author Lopez, Antonio en_US
dc.contributor.author Freed, James en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:31:03Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:31:03Z
dc.date.issued 2002 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2003-07-17 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2003-07-17 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/610
dc.description.abstract "One of the ways that communities can use value-added activities to transform their forests into economic assets is to add their labor to the resource. To this end, ethnically diverse communities of interest in western Washington and Oregon are increasingly harvesting wild non-timber forest products (NTFP?s), particularly floral greens, from both private and public lands. Harvesters, primarily from Latin American countries, hand-pick a variety of species, often using very little in the way of technology or initial capital investment. However, with new access to refrigeration containers and global markets, these floral greens are shipped primarily to Western Europe, competing directly with other floral greens species grown on plantations in the tropics. Rules of access to the land vary from landowner to landowner, and may or may not require documentation, contracts, and permitting fees that are difficult to obtain for many harvesters. Floral greens harvesters in the Pacific Northwest therefore face a variety of challenges in the face of globalization, and have developed a number of ways to approach their unique labor context. Though harvesters work primarily as individuals or small groups in their negotiations with landowners and wholesalers, recently, one group has formed an association that can collectively bargain with landowners and wholesalers for better land access and better prices for their product. Landowners are now requesting contractual agreements with this association to manage the understory of the forest for biodiversity and NTFP?s, forests that have previously been managed only for timber production. The outcome of this attempt to improve harvester livelihoods and sustain healthier forests remains to be seen, but will hopefully provide lessons for local forest-dependent communities dealing with the challenges of globalization." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject forest products en_US
dc.subject globalization en_US
dc.subject labor en_US
dc.subject harvesting en_US
dc.subject plants en_US
dc.subject forest management en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.title Harvesting Floral Greens in Western Washington as Value-Addition: Labor Issues and Globalization en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.coverage.region North America en_US
dc.coverage.country United States en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference The Commons in an Age of Globalisation, the Ninth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates June 17-21, 2002 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe en_US
dc.submitter.email lwisen@indiana.edu en_US

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