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Land Reforms, Poverty Reduction, and Economic Growth: Evidence from India

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Deininger, Klaus; Jin, Songqing; Nagarajan, Hari K.
Date: 2007
Series: World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, no. 4448
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/6301
Sector: Land Tenure & Use
Social Organization
Region: Middle East & South Asia
Subject(s): poverty alleviation
rural affairs
land tenure and use
economic growth
Abstract: "Recognition of the importance of institutions that provide security of property rights and relatively equal access to economic resources to a broad cross-section of society has renewed interest in the potential of asset redistribution, including land reforms. Empirical analysis of the impact of such policies is, however, scant and often contradictory. This paper uses panel household data from India, together with state-level variation in the implementation of land reform, to address some of the deficiencies of earlier studies. The results suggest that land reform had a significant and positive impact on income growth and accumulation of human and physical capital. The paper draws policy implications, especially from the fact that the observed impact of land reform seems to have declined over time."

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