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Beyond Private and Public Property: Emerging Commons Within Artisanal Fisheries. The Chilean Territorial Use Rights for Fisheries (TURFS)

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dc.contributor.author Fernández, Gloria L. Gallardo
dc.contributor.author Stotz, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.author Aburto, Jaime
dc.contributor.author Mondaca, Carolin
dc.contributor.author Vera, Karoll
dc.date.accessioned 2010-11-03T19:03:40Z
dc.date.available 2010-11-03T19:03:40Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/6548
dc.description.abstract "Territorial Use Rights for Fisheries (TURFs) have, since the late 1990s, been spreading along the Chilean coast. The institution of the commons has been implemented de novo to sustain local common pool resources. While studies suggest that TURFs’ coastal resources are doing well ecologically, the economic/organizational aspects seem to lag behind. TURFs are nested in diverse caletas (rural/urban) and social embedment (private/state lands), such settings influencing the TURFs’ long-term viability. The theory on the commons claims that certain collective action conditions have to be met to become a thriving common institution. How are these conditions influenced when the new commons do not emerge in tabula rasa contexts, but in shared and contested spaces? How do TURFs in rural areas differ to those embedded in urban centres? Rural Caleta Huentelauquén and urban Caleta Guayacán, Coquimbo Region, were portrayed, using Participatory Rural Approach (PRA) tools triangulated with other qualitative methods. Our study shows that fishers and their sites differ in structural conditions, history, traditions and in their approach to the TURF. Competition for space among key actors seems to affect the process of becoming a TURF. Huentelauquén’s fishers experience an unpredictable resource, a remote location and the private embedment of the caleta, causing access problems and obstructing infrastructural development. These conditions, while restrictive in nature, also seem to strengthen fishers’ cohesion and organization. In contrast, Guayacán has access to infrastructure and enjoys urban facilities, but its urban location constrains them physically; their TURF being tiny, giving scarce incomes. Guayacán fishers, however, seem to be less dependent on their TURF, also showing less collective action attributes. Thus generalisations about the TURFs’ benefits and challenges are not easily achieved; the history, tradition and embedment of particular TURFs might be worth consideration at policy level." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject artisanal fishing en_US
dc.subject organizations en_US
dc.subject TURFs en_US
dc.title Beyond Private and Public Property: Emerging Commons Within Artisanal Fisheries. The Chilean Territorial Use Rights for Fisheries (TURFS) en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region South America en_US
dc.coverage.country Chile en_US
dc.subject.sector Fisheries en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Capturing the Complexity of the Commons, North American Regional Meeting of the International Association for the Study of the Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates Sep. 30-Oct. 2 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ en_US

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