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The Effects of Stand Characteristics on Reindeer Lichens and Range Use by Semi-Domesticated Reindeer

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dc.contributor.author Helle, T.
dc.contributor.author Aspi, J.
dc.contributor.author Kilpela, S.S.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-13T20:19:32Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-13T20:19:32Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/6779
dc.description.abstract "The study was carried out in Kuusamo (66°15'N, 29°05'E) and Inari (68°30'N, 28°15'E), northern Finland, where 24 and 22 Scots pine stands were studied respectively. Clear-cutting (logging residue) caused a decline in lichen biomass for some few years, but otherwise the age of the stand had no effect upon lichen biomass. Instead, a positive correlation was found between litter/logging residue and the mean height of lichens; in Kuusamo, logging residue decreased significantly with the age of the stand. Grazing pressure in terms of fecal group density increased with the age of the stand. The preference of old forests came visible also as a lower mean height of lichens, which eliminates the possibility that the preference of old forests is associated only to the use of arboreal lichens. In Inari, grazing pressure sharply increased after the stand had reached the age of 100 years despite scarce litter/logging residue and fair lichen ranges in younger forests; there prevailed a negative correlation between stand density and grazing pressure. It has been suggested that there might be three main reasons for reindeers preferring old forests: 1) hardening of the snow (because of winds) on clear-cut areas, 2) logging residue preventing digging for the food beneath the snow, and 3) poor visibility in young pine stands(Inari) which might increase predation risk." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject ecology en_US
dc.subject forestry en_US
dc.title The Effects of Stand Characteristics on Reindeer Lichens and Range Use by Semi-Domesticated Reindeer en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.coverage.country Finland en_US
dc.subject.sector Grazing en_US
dc.subject.sector Wildlife en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Rangifer en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 3 en_US
dc.identifier.citationpages 107-114 en_US

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