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The Occurrence of Coral Species Reported as Threatened in Federally Protected Waters of the US Pacific

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Kenyon, Jean; Maragos, James; Fenner, Douglas
Journal: Journal of Marine Biology
Volume: 2011
Page(s): 1-12
Date: 2010
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/6785
Sector: Water Resource & Irrigation
Subject(s): coral reefs
marine resources
protected areas
Abstract: "A recent study reported that seventy-five species of reef-building corals, considered to be at elevated extinction risk when assessed by the criteria of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, occur in Pacific waters under United States jurisdiction. Closer examination substantiates records of occurrence for 66 species, while records for the other 9 species were based on misinterpretations or are otherwise uncertain. Of these, at least 55 have been reported from reef habitat under federal protection within National Parks, Marine National Monuments, National Marine Sanctuaries, and National Wildlife Refuges. The highest number of species (31) is found within the Ofu Island unit of the National Park of American Samoa, followed by Kingman Reef(24) and Palmyra Atoll (21), both within the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument. Federally protected areas already in place serve as important habitats for resources whose stewardship needs and priorities may vary over time."

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