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Tenets, Principles, and Criteria for Management: The Basis for Systemic Management

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Fowler, Charles W.
Journal: Marine Fisheries Review
Volume: 65
Date: 2003
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/6871
Sector: Wildlife
Subject(s): ecosystems
resource management
Abstract: "This paper presents nine tenets for management as formulated in the literature in recent decades. These tenets, and the principles behind them, form the foundation for systemic management. All tenets are interrelated and far from mutually exclusive or discrete. When we consider them seriously and simultaneously, these tenets expose serious flaws of conventional resource management and define systemic management. Systemic management requires that we manage inclusively and avoid restricting management to any particular interaction between humans and other elements of nature. The management tenets presented here are considered with particular attention to the interrelationships among both the tenets and principles upon which they are based. The case is made that the tenets are inseparable and should be applied collectively. Combined consideration of the tenets clarifies the role of science, contributes to progress in defining management, and leads to the development of ways we can avoid mistakes of past management. Systemic management emerges as at least one form of management that will consistently account for and apply to the complexities of nature."

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