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Diversity of Resource Use and Property Rights in Tam Giang Lagoon, Vietnam

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Huong, Ta Thi Thanh; Berkes, Fikret
Journal: International Journal of the Commons
Volume: 5
Page(s): 130-149
Date: 2011
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/7087
Sector: Social Organization
Water Resource & Irrigation
Region: Middle East & South Asia
Subject(s): coastal resources
property rights
Abstract: "Since the early 1990s, aquaculture has become the most important livelihood activity in Tam Giang Lagoon, Vietnam. The aquaculture boom has reduced the available water area for mobile gear fishers, polarized different user-groups, created resource conflicts, and increased pressures on the lagoon systems. Aquaculture in the lagoon is governed by both customary and legal rights. The objective of this paper is to explore the diversity of resource use and the complexity of property rights in one of the villages located in the lagoon. The paper emphasizes the linkages between changes in commons institutions and changes in resource use and property rights. First, the political and socio-economic changes in Vietnam are examined as well as how they have influenced traditional commons institutions and lagoon resource management in the village. Second, the linkages between common institutions and the diversity of property rights are analyzed. Particular attention is given to the analysis of different types of resource use associated with 'bundle of rights' and the diversity of property rights regimes in the village."

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