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Sustainable Use of Irrigation Water: The Case of Turkey

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dc.contributor.author Douglas, Ellen M.
dc.contributor.author Limbrunner, James F.
dc.contributor.author Özertan, Gökhan
dc.contributor.author Simpson, Karen E.
dc.contributor.author Terkla, David G.
dc.contributor.author Wisser, Dominik
dc.date.accessioned 2011-04-07T17:13:04Z
dc.date.available 2011-04-07T17:13:04Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/7190
dc.description.abstract "The Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP) in Turkey, within the basins of Euphrates and Tigris rivers, targets construction of 22 dams and 19 hydroelectric plants while irrigating 1.7 million ha of land at a cost of US$32 billion. Due to recent financial and political instability experienced in Turkey, in 2008, the plan is significantly revised by an Action Plan to include allocation of US$8 billion to open 800,000 ha of previously unirrigated land to irrigation by 2012. Due to the lack of appropriate incentives to conserve water in a sustainable manner, inefficient and excess irrigation by users in the GAP region have already resulted in significant environmental problems such as waterlogging and salinity. To maintain long-term sustainability of irrigation projects, decentralization of irrigation management in Turkey started in 1993. The decentralized and locally-managed Water User Associations (WUAs) are responsible for distribution of irrigation water within their boundaries. However, WUAs in GAP have already turned into economic and political institutions dominated by powerful elites, reflecting the feudal structure of the region. Informal power distribution, based for the most part on area and closeness to political parties, has also resulted in favoritism. The purpose of this paper is to assess the environmental sustainability of the GAP region, first, by considering the institutional aspects of irrigation associations and, second, by developing a new water-salt balance model for simulating potential soil salinization in the region due to expanded irrigation." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject institutions en_US
dc.subject irrigation en_US
dc.subject salinization en_US
dc.subject simulations en_US
dc.subject water users' associations en_US
dc.title Sustainable Use of Irrigation Water: The Case of Turkey en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.coverage.country Turkey en_US
dc.subject.sector Water Resource & Irrigation en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Sustaining Commons: Sustaining Our Future, the Thirteenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates January 10-14 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Hyderabad, India en_US

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