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Community-Based Forest Management in Tanzania: Strengths Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats

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dc.contributor.author Nzunda, E. F.
dc.contributor.author Luoga, E. J.
dc.contributor.author Mahuve, T. G.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-04-13T15:21:14Z
dc.date.available 2011-04-13T15:21:14Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/7263
dc.description.abstract "In developing countries, the failure of the policing model of forest management whereby the central government protected forest reserves by preventing local communities from using them led to the emergence of Participatory Forest Management (PFM). In Tanzania PFM takes two main forms: Joint Forest Management (JFM) whereby the forest is owned by the central government or district council and the local people are involved in conservation of the forest and Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) whereby the community is given the right to own and use the forest that is on the general land. In both JFM and CBFM the village is the focal point in management of the forest and hence this approach to forest management is referred to as village-based forest management in this paper (VBFM). The paper discusses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of village-based forest management in Tanzania in the light of the origin and characteristics of villages and governance in the country. A historical account of forest management is given. Among the strengths are the government structure with strong villages for many years, willingness of people to participate in CBFM initiatives and community-village collaboration. The fact that the approach is exogenous both in conception and funding, its poor spiritual basis, inadequacy of technical knowledge at the community level, inequality in cost and benefit sharing, poor infrastructure and lack of legal documentation of the villages are seen as weaknesses of CBFM. Opportunities for CBFM include appropriate national policies and international conventions and funding initiatives for sustainable forest management. Threats to CBFM include land grabbing for bio-fuel production and other enterprises, conflict of interest with the district and higher-level government and poor governance. The paper concludes by suggesting the way forward for tapping the strengths and opportunities of VBFM and addressing its weaknesses and threats." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject decentralization en_US
dc.subject devolution en_US
dc.subject governance and politics en_US
dc.subject participatory development en_US
dc.subject forest management en_US
dc.title Community-Based Forest Management in Tanzania: Strengths Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.country Tanzania en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Sustaining Commons: Sustaining Our Future, the Thirteenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates January 10-14 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Hyderabad, India en_US

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