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Integrating Stakeholder Values and Science in Marine Management

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Espinosa-Romero, M.J.; Chan, K.; McDaniels, T.; Dalmer, D.M.
Conference: Sustaining Commons: Sustaining Our Future, the Thirteenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons
Location: Hyderabad, India
Conf. Date: January 10-14
Date: 2011
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/7294
Sector: General & Multiple Resources
Region: North America
Subject(s): decision making
resource management
adaptive systems
Abstract: "Ecosystem-based management (EBM) has been widely recognized as the new paradigm for marine resource management. This approach considers all the elements of the ecosystem including humans. Even though, EBM has been well defined in theory, its implementation has been challenging worldwide. The few successful initiatives at implementing EBM have suggested that stakeholder involvement is a key element. For marine management, as for other common resources, discussion on management alternatives often depend on technical and complex concepts from diverse fields. Without the discussions of stakeholder values, many people and their values are often excluded from or play a minor participation in the decision making process. In addition, stakeholders might not trust the process and reject the implementation of a decision/management alternative. To implement EBM, managers require a decision- making framework in which the values of the constituents are identified since the beginning of the process, and objectives and performance measures for EBM are consistent with these values. Structured decision-making (SDM) is a systematic approach that can bring together stakeholders, scientists and managers to build a framework for EBM that reflects what matters to people and the scientific aspects of the ecosystem and EBM. I present as a case study, the use of SDM for the on-going EBM process on the west coast of Vancouver Island (WCVI), British Columbia, Canada."

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