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Management, Co-Management, or No Management?

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Jul-Larsen, Eyolf; Kolding, Jeppe; Overå, Ragnhild; Raakjær-Nielsen, Jesper; Van Zwieten, Paul A.M.
Date: 2003
Agency: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome
Series: FAO Technical Papers, no. 426/1
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/7459
Sector: Fisheries
Social Organization
Region: Africa
Subject(s): fisheries
resource management
ecological economics
Abstract: "This report synthesizes the findings of ten case studies published in FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 426/2. The case studies have been conducted in five medium sized lakes in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The synthesis focuses on three features relevant for the management of freshwater fisheries in the South Africa Development Community (SADC) region: How has fishing effort developed in these lakes over the last 50 years?; What causes the changes in fishing effort?; How do fishing effort and environmental factors compare in their effects on the regeneration of fish stocks? Fisheries in the SADC freshwaters are found to function as an economic buffer and as a safety valve for thousands of people moving in and out of the fisheries according to the opportunities in the national economies. At the same time the stocks tend to be less threatened than many tend to believe. Classical management theory’s emphasis on limiting numbers of fishermen and co-management strategies such as exclusive economic zoning may represent a danger to the stability of this situation, even where management may be required to maintain biodiversity. There may be a need also to monitor and establish measures to control investment-driven growth in effort."

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