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Chinas Grassland Contract Policy and its Impacts on Herder Ability to Benefit in Inner Mongolia: Tragic Feedbacks

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dc.contributor.author Li, Wenjun
dc.contributor.author Huntsinger, Lynn
dc.date.accessioned 2011-09-27T18:32:31Z
dc.date.available 2011-09-27T18:32:31Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/7581
dc.description.abstract "Northern Chinas grasslands have been losing productivity since the 1980s, when a policy known as the 'grassland contracting policy' allocated commonly used grazing lands to individual herder households. Examined here is the connection between implementation of the grassland contracting policy and the loss of grassland production using the analytic concepts of ability to benefit and community failure. A gacha (village) of the Sunite Left Banner of the Xilingol League in Inner Mongolia is used as a case study to compare herder ability to benefit from rangeland resources during adverse climate events before and after policy implementation. Social-ecological resilience, access to social and ecological assets, and institutions supporting crisis relief have been affected. We find that the privatization of grassland use rights has weakened pastoralist ability to benefit from rangelands by weakening or dismantling what are identified as the rights-, structure-, and relations-based abilities that enabled pastoralists to cope with nonequilibrium conditions. This has led to a community failure that engenders feedbacks of increased impoverishment and environmental deterioration. The inflexible boundaries of quasi-private household property rights have caused the pastoral system to lose capacity to respond to drought and weather events through the flexibility of 'otor' and other forms of herd movement, increasing vulnerability to environmental change." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject arid regions en_US
dc.subject climate change en_US
dc.subject pastoralism en_US
dc.subject privatization en_US
dc.subject property rights en_US
dc.subject rangelands en_US
dc.title Chinas Grassland Contract Policy and its Impacts on Herder Ability to Benefit in Inner Mongolia: Tragic Feedbacks en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region East Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country China en_US
dc.subject.sector Grazing en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 16 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 1 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth March en_US

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