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Commons and Collectives: The Role of Social Capital in Central Asia's Land Reforms

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Mearns, Robin
Conference: Voices from the Commons, the Sixth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Berkeley, CA
Conf. Date: June 5-8, 1996
Date: 1996
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/786
Sector: Agriculture
Land Tenure & Use
Region: Former Soviet Union
Subject(s): IASC
agriculture
land tenure and use
social capital
Abstract: "The economies of the former Soviet Central Asia (Kazakhastan, Kyrghyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan) are undergoing profound changes in agrarian institutions and land tenure policy. The character of reforms varies not just between the newly independent republics, but also within them. In principle, economic and political transition opens up space for the implementation of policies less strait-jacketed by ideology or assumed models of historical development. In practice, the embedded social and political context of public policy reforms will be as rapid or as certain in their effects as some observers would like. This preliminary paper begins to frame some research questions arising from the insights of new institutional economics and social capital theory in order to shed light on this challenging issue. Empirical illustrations are drawn from the experiences of land tenure reforms in Uzbekistan and Kyrghyzstan"

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