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Changing Dispute Resolution Institutions in the Ethiopian Pastoral Commons

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Unruh, Jon D.
Conference: Constituting the Commons: Crafting Sustainable Commons in the New Millennium, the Eighth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Bloomington, IN
Conf. Date: May 31-June 4
Date: 2000
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/8026
Sector: Grazing
Social Organization
Region: Africa
Subject(s): IASC
Abstract: "Pastoralist access and use of common grazing and watering resources in the Horn of Africa increasingly include competition and confrontation over what are perceived to be diminishing resources and/or reduced access. Traditional dispute resolution institutions are presently undergoing change in response to a number of regional and global forces that have varying impacts on different pastoral groups, locations, and resource access arrangements. At the same time state and international donor interest in reducing violent confrontation over access to commons between and within pastoral groups have led to attempts to modify or insert different arrangements for dispute resolution institutions so as to advance varying agendas. "This paper will report on Ethiopia's recent experiences with state and donor intervention in the changing institutions of dispute resolution for pastoralist groups. With examples from the Afar of northeast Ethiopia, the Somali of the Southeast, and a set of smaller groups from the Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region in the southwest, the paper will explore how dispute resolution institutions are changing, and compare and assess the role of donor and state attempts to advance new institutional arrangements. The role of state boundary, food security, bush encroachment, globalization, and inter-state conflict will likewise be explored in the context of their reciprocal relationship with commons dispute resolution, in order to examine linkages with other problematic issues facing the Horn in the new millennium."

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