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The Tragedy of the Commoners: The Decline of the Customary Marine Tenure System of Tonga

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dc.contributor.author Malm, Thomas
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-29T17:04:27Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-29T17:04:27Z
dc.date.issued 2001 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/8057
dc.description.abstract "The purpose of this paper is to outline how a rapid process of modernization, in combination with urbanization and population growth, have resulted in a breakdown of the traditional marine tenure systems and an over-exploitation of marine organisms. Although there are cases in Oceania where marine areas adjoining villages have remained under communal control even after having become legal Crown or state property in modern times, Tonga exemplifies how Crown/state ownership has come to replace communal ownership but been less able than the local communities to regulate the use of the marine resources." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject marine resources en_US
dc.subject customary law en_US
dc.subject modernization en_US
dc.subject urbanization en_US
dc.subject population growth en_US
dc.subject tragedy of the commons en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.title The Tragedy of the Commoners: The Decline of the Customary Marine Tenure System of Tonga en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.publisher.workingpaperseries Lund University, Sweden en_US
dc.coverage.region Pacific and Australia en_US
dc.coverage.country Tonga en_US
dc.subject.sector Fisheries en_US
dc.subject.sector Water Resource & Irrigation en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Symposium and Workshop about Managing Common Resources, What is the Solution? en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates September 10-11 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Lund University, Sweden en_US

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