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Sustainability, New Intensive Technologies, and Institutional Change

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Ramaswamy, Sunder; Sanders, John H.
Conference: Inequality and the Commons, the Third Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Washington, DC
Conf. Date: September 17-20
Date: 1992
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/8249
Sector: Agriculture
Region: Africa
Subject(s): IASC
institutional change
agricultural expansion
land tenure and use
Abstract: "With continuing population pressures and a lack of profitability of intensive production practices, crop yields have been declining and the soil degradation process has been accelerating in much of the Sahel. With mathematical programming, the authors explore the conditions under which farmers would adopot more intensive agricultural practices. The shift from extensive to intensive production practices is associated with decreased availability of land and increased profitability of agriculture. Model predictions are compared with recent technological changes occurring in the region. Some constraints to the introduction of new technologies are identified and several policy measures to accelerate technology introduction are evaluated. Finally, some implications of different technologies and policy measures for communal land use and the evolution of landholding institutions are evaluated."

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