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National Parks and Environmental Justice: Comparing Access Rights and Ideological Legacies in Three Countries

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dc.contributor.author Dahlberg, Annika
dc.contributor.author Rohde, Rick
dc.contributor.author Sandell, Klas
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-21T20:04:55Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-21T20:04:55Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/8304
dc.description.abstract "National parks are often places where people have previously lived and worked--they have been formed by a combination of natural and human processes that embody an identifiable history of cultural and political values. Conservation of protected areas is primarily about how we perceive such landscapes, how we place differential values on different landscape components, and who gets to decide on these values. Thus, conservation has been and still is very much about issues of power and environmental justice. This paper analyses the social, political and environmental histories of three national parks regimes (South Africa, Sweden and Scotland) through the lens of public access rights. We examine the evolving status of access rights--in a broad sense that includes access to land, resources and institutions of governance--as a critical indicator of the extent to which conservation policies and legislation realise the aims of environmental justice in practice. Our case studies illustrate how access rights are contingent on the historical settings and ideological contexts in which the institutions controlling national park management have evolved. Dominant cultural, political and scientific ideologies have given rise to historical precedents and institutional structures that affect the promotion of environmental justice in and around national parks today. In countries where national parks were initially created to preserve perceived 'wilderness', with decisions taken by powerful elites and central authorities, this historical legacy has prevented profound change in line with new policy directives. The comparative analysis of national park regimes, were historical trajectories both converge and diverge, was useful in improving our understanding of contemporary issues involving conservation, people and politics." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject protected areas en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject reform en_US
dc.subject indigenous institutions en_US
dc.subject landscape change en_US
dc.title National Parks and Environmental Justice: Comparing Access Rights and Ideological Legacies in Three Countries en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.coverage.country Africa, Sweden, Scotland en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Conservation Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 8 en_US
dc.identifier.citationpages 209-224 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 3 en_US

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