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Community-Based Management: Under What Conditions do Sami Pastoralists Manage Pastures Sustainably?

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dc.contributor.author Hausner, Vera H.
dc.contributor.author Fauchald, Per
dc.contributor.author Jernsletten, Johnny-Leo
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-12T14:06:41Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-12T14:06:41Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/8725
dc.description.abstract "Community-based management (CBM) has been implemented in socio-ecological systems (SES) worldwide. CBM has also been the prevailing policy in Sámi pastoral SES in Norway, but the outcomes tend to vary extensively among resource groups ('siidas'). We asked why do some siidas self-organize to manage common pool resources sustainably and others do not? To answer this question we used a mixed methods approach. First, in the statistical analyses we analyzed the relationship between sustainability indicators and structural variables. We found that small winter pastures that are shared by few siidas were managed more sustainably than larger pastures. Seasonal siida stability, i.e., a low turnover of pastoralists working together throughout the year, and equality among herders, also contributed to more sustainable outcomes. Second, interviews were conducted in the five largest pastures to explain the relationships between the structural variables and sustainability. The pastoralists expressed a high level of agreement with respect to sustainable policies, but reported a low level of trust and cooperation among the siidas. The pastoralists requested siida tenures or clear rules and sanctioning mechanisms by an impartial authority rather than flexible organization or more autonomy for the siidas. The lack of nestedness in self-organization for managing pastures on larger scales, combined with the past economic policies, could explain why CBM is less sustainable on the largest winter pastures. We conclude that the scale mis-match between self-organization and the formal governance is a key condition for sustainability." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject pastoralism en_US
dc.subject CBRM en_US
dc.subject self-governance en_US
dc.subject inequality en_US
dc.subject size en_US
dc.subject stability en_US
dc.subject migration en_US
dc.subject norms en_US
dc.subject Sámi (European people) en_US
dc.title Community-Based Management: Under What Conditions do Sami Pastoralists Manage Pastures Sustainably? en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Quantitative en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.coverage.country Norway en_US
dc.subject.sector Grazing en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal PlosOne en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 7 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 12 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth December en_US

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